[Province of Warsaw] Sunday 29 July 2018, as part of the celebrations of the 74th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising, the President of Poland, Andrzej Duda, awarded with the highest state decorations some veterans of the insurgence and those who arecultivatingthe remembrance of the recent history of Poland. The ceremony took place in the courtyard of the Museum of the Warsaw Uprising.
Among decorated: “for outstanding merits in defense of dignity, humanity and human rights, for generous service in saving lives and health for those in need of help” was Sr. Józefa SŁUPIAŃSKA, Daughter of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul from the Province of Warsaw. She was decorated with the Knight’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (5thclass).During the WWII and through the Uprising she worked as a nurse in the Infant Jesus Hospital in Warsaw and when the hospital was evacuated from Warsaw after the Uprising fell down she was among evacuated patients and staff. In March this year she celebrated her 106thbirthday.
Addressing the insurgence veterans Mr. President said:”You fought for values, you did not fight for revenge, it was not the most important message of the Warsaw Uprising, the message was the struggle for freedom, there was a desire for a free homeland and the desire for freedom as such.”
The Warsaw Uprising lasted from August 1 to October 3, 1944. It was a military struggle against the Nazi German forces occupying Warsaw held in the left Vistula river bank of the Warsaw. The right bank part was already liberated by Soviet and dependent on Soviet Union Polish forces. The insurgence was organized by the Home Army, the largest underground military organization in occupied Europe. From amilitary point of view,the Warsaw Uprising aimed at Nazi occupants as an effort to liberate the capital of Poland. From apolitical point of view it was a manifestation of independence and sovereignty for the Soviet Union, their Red Army and newly formed Polish communist government and armed forces dependent on Soviet leaders. Soviet troops already camped on the right bank of the Vistula River, so called “liberators” who in fact where new occupants, did not involve in the uprising. They didn’t bring support and help to the insurgents fighting on the left bank. They didn’t even allow Western Allied Forces to provide air drops of supplies from temporary airfields on already liberated by Soviet troops territories. This decision limited the support which could be delivered to insurgents dramatically. Insurgent troops fought lonely with the overwhelming Nazi forces. An Uprising planned for a week or so lasted 63 days. Finally, its commander signed act of capitulation on October 3. According to it some 500 thousand civilian residents of Warsaw were forcibly expelledfrom the town. Those who survived street fights became refugees. Afterwards German forces turned the town into anocean of ruins.
During the Uprising about 200,000 civilians and 16 thousand soldiers of the underground army were killed, 20 thousand were wounded and 15 thousand taken as prisoners of war.