[UN-NGO] This year, 2013, is the International Year of Water Cooperation. The objective of this day is to raise awareness about the challenges facing water management in light of the ever increasing demand for access to water, and to increase cooperation in the allocation and use of water.
Taking place, this year, in the context of current discussions on the Post-2015 development framework and the process of developing a set of Sustainable Development Goals, it is important to identify and discuss water-related challenges and key areas which in the future will require stronger political support and international co-operation.
Since the first World Water Day celebration in 1993, education and current research has been provided to the public so that they become aware of the environmental and social implications of the low world water supply.
According to a U.S. Geological Survey states about 70% of the Earth’s surface is water-covered, however, the Earth’s water supply is not endless. The Earth’s population is growing by about 80 million people per year, and as more people populate the Earth, more water is needed. Worldwide freshwater consumption has increased threefold in the past 50 years.
According to the United Nations’ publication on water cooperation, “Promoting water cooperation implies an interdisciplinary approach bringing in cultural, educational and scientific factors, as well as religious, ethical, social, political, legal, institutional and economic dimensions. It is a vehicle for building peace and a foundation for sustainable development.” Water cooperation is crucial to preserving water resources and protecting the environment and is key to poverty eradication, social equity and gender equality.
We all know that access to clean water is a basic human need yet many people still do not have sustainable access to safe drinking water nor to sufficient water for their daily needs. What specific actions can I take in water cooperation?
Water is essential to life. Water is life.
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